Bootable USB Flash Drive Creation
- Linux Distributions
In order to put a KaOS ISO image onto an USB flash drive, you will need a drive capable of storing 1.8 Gb, a system with USB ports and some specialized software.
Make sure the system where you will boot the USB flash drive from, has USB ports and can boot USB flash drives. Before following any steps, make sure the device is plugged in but not mounted.
Unetbootin and Rufus are NOT compatible with KaOS.
SUSE Studio ImageWriter
Option for Windows is ImageWriter. Open the SUSE Studio ImageWriter and either drag the KaOS ISO image into it, or press the Select button and find the KaOS ISO image. Select your USB stick and click the Write button.
It might be your Windows version does not support the .iso extension, in that case rename the downloaded KaOS ISO file to .raw.
From Windows command line
You need to download dd which is a common program with the primary purpose of low-level copying of raw data.
Once installed, open the command prompt and type (substitute the correct path):
dd.exe if=/path/to/the/downloaded/iso of=/path/to/the/USB/device
The application to use is IsoWriter, available in the KaOS repository and installed by default. After opening IsoWriter:
- Click the folder icon and browse to the directory containing the ISO
- Click write
- Right click the ISO file, select Actions
- Select Write ISO to USB using IsoWriter
- Right click again, Actions and select Compute md5sum to verify the downloaded ISO, compare the md5sum with the one on the Download page
SUSE Studio ImageWriter
If your distribution provides Suse Studio ImageWriter, then that one is a well tested alternative GUI to use.
Open the SUSE Studio ImageWriter and either drag the KaOS ISO image into it, or press the Select button and find the KaOS ISO image. Select your USB stick and click the Write button.
Using the command line
In order to create a bootable USB flash drive, you will need
coreutils (which provides
dd). Most GNU distributions have
coreutils already installed.
To use dd, open a terminal and write (substitute the correct path):
sudo dd if=/path/to/the/downloaded/iso of=/path/to/the/USB/device
To check if the creation of the bootable USB stick was successful, use
fdisk as root to check it. You should see an asterisk (*) like this in your USB line:
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 * 1 697 713728 17 Hidden HPFS/NTFS
Again, Unetbootin and Rufus are NOT compatible with KaOS.